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Introductions and conclusions are important components of any essay. They work to book-end the argument made in the body paragraphs by first explaining.

I would surely recommend your services to all my friends. But I tried it, and it was successful! I did, and it was great. I like the whole concept of the company! However, it has been always so hard to find that many of us had to write papers for academia by ourselves and get poor. Our customer support agent will call you back in 15 minutes. Our customer support agent will call you back within 15 minutes. But the point here is that Roosevelt was eager to work within existing systems rather than appropriate private property.

Essay about Continuity and Change over Time - 1450's/1750's

Collaborating with existing systems was a New Deal theme from the beginning. Roosevelt refused to support Sinclair in the election. The architects of the New Deal were not against bolstering corporate power or agribusiness to clot the Depression. As Olmsted shows, factory-style growers benefited from New Deal legislation, just as they had historically benefited from government intervention.

These rich landowners received subsidies through the Agricultural Adjustment Act, loans through the Farm Credit Administration, and investment through the Public Works Administration and Bureau of Reclamation. In fact, the only aspect of the New Deal that supported migrant labor against wealthy landlords, never intended to do so! Glassford tried to mitigate disputes but never expressed interest in supporting communist ideologies.

The New Deal broke from tradition in that the federal government began taking direct lead of development. However, since the government had little manpower, this lead usually amounted to putting money right back into the hands of existing business leaders and contractors. In the case of the TVA, for example, the government forced private energy companies in the South to check their runaway costs. Never did it consider state-ownership of existing companies or pushing them out of business.

Although many private companies complained about TVA projects, they ultimately received more customers as a result of modernization in the region. Rather than expropriate the business of private enterprise, the New Deal expanded their markets by pushing modernization. In specific, the government had no intention of dismantling established agricultural powers by protecting non-white sharecroppers or pickers.

Northern Democrats catered to racial minorities only when they moved north and began voting or when the crops were on the brink of waste. Catering to existing powers meant continuity through upholding racism. The designers of the New Deal presented no challenge to the endemic racism of the Southern Democratic Party. Southern congressmen and their Democratic allies in the North ensured the administration of these laws were allocated to existing, racist state and local authorities. These authorities were virtually all white and determined to uphold the practices of Jim Crow segregation.

Finally, there was a general willingness of the administration to kowtow to the racist interests of Southern allies. This category includes refusing to push an anti-lynching bill, desegregate the military, or enforce equality in various public accommodations. In terms of continuity, the New Deal era left civil rights for non-white people deferred and the possibility of a radical Left squandered. Sitkoff and Olmsted demonstrate the energies of the Communist Party in attempting to do exactly what New Dealers would not: support racial equality.

Whether through advocating for the Scottsboro Boys in , or by organizing migrant laborers in , the actions of Communist leaders stood in sharp relief to the FDR government.

CONTINUITY AND CHANGE: What Historians Study

Furthermore, with Executive Order , the New Deal demonstrated that its progressive energy could not only be withheld from the project of racial equality, but could be harnessed to work actively against it. The list of ways FDR preserved the American tradition of private property goes on.


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Instead of appropriating the agricultural produce of farmers to feed the hungry, the administration actually ordered surplus crops destroyed to offset deflation caused by a glutted market. Meanwhile, FDR was always sensitive that his programs might be seen as forms of state extremism. Generally, the New Deal was committed to relative wealth redistribution through only conventional means.

FDR approached welfare by strengthening consumer and labor blocs rather than attacking employers. Industrial workers were permitted to unionize with NRA and Wagner, but neither legislation did the work of making unions a reality.

Workers had to do this. Cohen demonstrates how this conservative ethos was echoed by labor, and Jacobs shows how it was echoed by consumers. Having acknowledged continuity through these fundamentally conservative impulses, the s were nonetheless a time of vast change, both despite and because of the New Deal. Scott shows that the New Deal was an infrastructure revolution. Public projects spent money in all but three counties of the United States. These projects resulted in the construction of hospitals, dams, canals, highways, schools, sewers, libraries, public parks, waterworks, power flumes, harbors, viaducts, courthouses, post offices, dock facilities, dog pounds, and more.

Great deals for history lovers

Third, the role of federal government ballooned during the New Deal period, even though it did so only to preserve capitalism; and, as Olmsted shows through the Department of Agriculture in California, the government was not necessarily small before. Regardless, Badger summarizes this transformation by stating that new programs gave the government:. All of these changes stood in contrast to pre Scott declares that, before the New Deal, Americans came into contact with the federal government mostly through the post office. Though we should add the Department of Agricultural to this claim, the point is that the federal government had more limitations before When FDR cut the dollar loose from the gold standard, he gave the government an unprecedented latitude to reflate the economy with relief monies.

Furthermore, bills like the Glass-Steagall Act and the creation of the FDIC reinforced capitalism by expanding the jurisdiction of the state into the banking sector. The government promised to insure investments and reduce risk by separating them from commercial activities. Basically, the government greatly expanded its powers for two purposes: to preempt a future crisis while fixing the current one.


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Despite these changes, it is important to reiterate that Washington never intended its programs as permanent competition to private interest. This was a profound ideological change.

Change and continuity over time essay

If the survival of capitalism represented the continuity of the New Deal era, then the form in which it survived represented the change. A growing population was created by the Industrial Revolution for reproduction of industrial workers and the hard labor work forces. Using then new transportation systems, the growing population was able to disperse into different settlements. It was pushed by poverty, displacement of peasant farming and artisan manufacturing. Britain is an example of a growing community. The isolated island could not support the large population, so people began to move out of Britain.

The movement of people using the new transportation systems provided created new colonies and caused other colonies grew much larger.

In the U. Also the movement of Russians and Ukrainians to Siberia, after the freeing of Serfs, created a new colony in With the new changes, some continuities remains. The demand of food and material wealth became a requirement in growing societies.